Located within the suburban region of Mumbai, the Sanjay Gandhi National Park (SGNP) is a respite in the fast-moving, commercial capital of India. Previously known as the Borivali National Park, the SGNP is a popular picnic and recreational spot for tourists and locals. Spread across a massive 103.84 km square (40 square miles), roughly 20% of the geographical area of Mumbai, the SGNP is a beautiful natural spell.

The SGNP is one of the most visited national parks in Asia and globally the largest park located within the city limits. Each year over two million people visit the Sanjay Gandhi National Park to witness the gorgeously blooming flora and fauna, including leopards, deer, flying fox, kingfisher, sunbirds, lions, etc. As per data, the Sanjay Gandhi National Park is home to more than 1300 species of flora and over 500 species of fauna.

The park has two artificial lakes, Vihar and Tulsi, home to crocodiles and migratory birds. The artificial lakes also provide water supply to the nearby regions of the SGNP. The Vihar lake was created in 1860 after the city of Mumbai suffered a critical water crisis. Tulsi Lake was built in 1897 to support the water supply of Vihar. The two lakes together supply a significant amount of water to South Mumbai.

Inside the park premises, there are 2000-year-old Kanheri Buddhist caves, a worldwide popular tourist destination. The caves are scattered across the hillside and are hand-carved from the rocky cliffs of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park. The caves have Buddha statues, ancient carvings, and teachings and prayer halls.

Even though the SGNP might not be one of the most beautiful national parks in the country, its magnificent basalt rock formations and easy accessibility make it one of the best national parks in India. The lush green trees of the park clean the much-polluted air of Mumbai, leading it to be known as the lungs of the city. The forested park has elevations from 30 meters to 480 meters, making it an interesting sight for visitors and a scenic neighbourhood.

Some people even refer to the Sanjay Gandhi National Park as New York City’s Central Park for Mumbai. Even though the SGNP is not in the heart of the city, it is a suburban gold mine in Mumbai. The park starts from the Borivali suburb but continues far into the north of Thane city. The Sanjay Gandhi National Park encompasses popular western suburban Mumbai areas like Goregaon, Dahisar, Kandivali, and Malad, and eastern suburban areas, such as Bhandup and Mulund.

The Sanjay Gandhi National Park experiences hot and humid summers like the rest of Mumbai city. Winters are comparatively colder but pleasant and the weather usually is cool and dry. Rainfall is also prominent in the region, causing a few months of the year to remain humid and warm. The magnificent forest, interesting terrain, the fabulous spread of flora and fauna, ancient caves and other attractions make SGNP a great place for tourists and residents of Mumbai.

History of Sanjay Gandhi National Park

Apart from being a popular tourist attraction in Mumbai, the Sanjay Gandhi National Park also has a great historical significance dating back to the 4th century BC. In ancient India, the SGNP served as a land route supporting trade between two ports – Sopara (present-day Thane) and Kalyan. These ports were used to deal with the Greece and Mesopotamia civilizations.

The Kanheri caves located in the middle of the SGNP were an important Buddhist learning centre in previous times. Between the 9th and 1st century BC, Buddhist monks used the caves as a pilgrimage site. The caves are formed from the massive basaltic rocks and handcrafted by the Buddhist monks. The caves host beautiful, handmade paintings of Buddha and ancient Indian carvings.

Due to the Kanheri or the Krishnagiri caves inside the temple, the SGNP was originally called Krishnagiri National Park in the pre-independence era. This park was established under the Bombay National Park Act in 1942. Later in 1942, the Bombay Municipal Corporation acquired the catchment areas of two lakes, Vihar and Tulsi, and included them in the present day SGNP. These lakes were made in 1870 by the British Government to supply drinking water to Mumbai.

At that time, the SGNP park area was only 20.26 km square. In 1954, the dairy development board started operations outside the SGNP (then Krishnagiri National Park). In 1969, a large area of 2076 hectares belonging to the Aarey Milk Scheme (now Aarey Milk Colony) was transferred to the forest department but was not included in the Krishnagiri National Park.

In 1976, 68.27 km square of forest area was assigned to the Krishnagiri National Park and the name was changed to Borivali National Park. After this inclusion, in 1980, the Forest Development Corporation of Maharashtra Limited (FDCM), Nagpur, directed the Regional Manager, FDCM, Thane, to include 2,076.073 hectares (5,130.09 acres) of revenue land from the Aarey Milk Scheme in the Borivali National Park. The FDCM also stated that 575 hectares of the assigned revenue land be built as a recreational zone. The remaining area (1501.073 hectares) will become a part of the Borivali National Park.

In 1981, the Borivali National Park was expanded to 82.25 km square. Later in the year, the park was renamed Sanjay Gandhi National Park (SGNP) in memory of Sanjay Gandhi, the son of Indira Gandhi (the ex-Prime Minister of India). In the same year, the new SGNP was merged with some more forest land from the Thane division, further expanding the park to a total of 103.84 km square (40.09 sq mi) - its present size.

If you are looking for a home in Mumbai that defines comfort, calm and luxury with beautiful views of the national park – visit Piramal Rivanta in Mulund West. With magnificent views of the sprawling Sanjay Gandhi National Park, the luxurious and magnificent township of Piramal Revanta in Mulund offers new-age, luxury high-rise residences in Mumbai and gives its residents a perfect balance of nature and modern living.

Featuring lavish and exclusively designed 1, 2, 3-BHK flats, Piramal Revanta offers state-of-the-art amenities, assuring you to live your dream life. The township believes in connecting with nature and contains nearly 50% of open spaces that create a comfortable ecosystem for all ages.

Flora and Fauna of Sanjay Gandhi National Park

The Biodiversity of the SGNP is noteworthy. The national park has acres of sprawling forest land and several endangered flora and fauna. The biodiversity of SGNP is influenced from the Sahyadri Hills to the east.

Flora

In flowering plants alone, the SGNP has over 1300 species. The lowlands and the hill slopes of the SNGP forest are dominated by trees, such as Tectona, Adina, Albizzia, Ficus, Firmiana, Grewia, Dalbergia, Madhuca, Garuga, Terminalia, Caraya, Holarrhena, Butea and Bamboo.

The upper slopes and some of the secluded regions (narrow valleys and streambeds) of the SNGP forest have partially evergreen and evergreen floral species. The magical, dense and evergreen - true Asoca (Saraca asoca) deserves a special mention. The flowers look gorgeous against the deciduous trees all around. In the lower areas, there is a wide presence of Bamboo and Teak trees and characteristic bird species. Vast stretches of the SNGP forest have an undergrowth of Karvi (Strobilanthes) shrub. The speciality about this shrub is that even though it is present throughout the year, it blooms gorgeously once after seven years, making it a sight to behold.

Fauna

The fauna at the SGNP is unmatchable. The park has a variety of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, butterflies, etc. Some say SNGP is a bird watcher’s delight. Whether it is the tiny Flowerpecker, gorgeous Sunbird or regal White-bellied Sea Eagle, SNGP is home to all bird species.

You can spot birds like the Paradise Flycatcher, Kingfishers, the Trogon, Woodpeckers, Brown-headed Barbet, wild Parakeets, the Racket-tailed Drongo, the Flycatcher or the harmonious Malabar Whistling Thrush. SGNP also has some species of the famous Spotted Babbler.

In mammals, you can get a chance to see a Deer, a solitary Sambhar, a darting Barking Deer or a Black-naped Hare. Do not be surprised if you encounter a large Leopard. The SGNP has a large density of Leopards. If you are lucky, you can spot a Porcupine, Palm Civet, Rhesus Macaque, Striped Hyena, Four-horned Antelope or shy Mouse Deer.

The SNGP is also home to the Indian flying fox and 17 other bat species. There is also the vegetarian Hanuman Langur (leaf monkey). Apart from this, the reptiles in the SGNP are huge in number. There are Crocodiles in the Tulsi Lake. Monitor Lizards, Pythons, Bamboo-pit Viper, Cobras, Russell's viper, and Ceylonese Cat Snake have been spotted once or twice in the SGNP.

Smaller reptiles – Crabs, Spiders, Wood Spiders, Signature Spiders and Black Wood Spider – with their massive webs can be a treat to watch during the monsoon. In insects, the SGNP hosts Silk cotton bugs, Beetles and several Mantis. The Butterfly species in SGNP is extraordinary. The sheer size and colours of the butterflies in the SGNP are spectacular.

How to Reach Sanjay Gandhi National Park?

The Sanjay Gandhi National Park is well-connected to its nearby regions and the city of Mumbai. You can reach the SGNP through these modes:

By Air

If you are travelling by air, book a flight to Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport, Santa Cruz. This is the nearest domestic and international airport to SGNP.

By Train

If you are taking the train to reach Mumbai, the Borivali railway station is only 1 km from the SGNP.

By Road

The SGNP is only at a distance of 1 km from the Borivali Bus station, which has buses connecting Mumbai with the rest of the country..

Attractions in Sanjay Gandhi National Park

When you visit the SGNP, you will be stunned by the majestic beauty of the forests and the incredible species of flora and fauna. Here are some of the top attractions of the Sanjay Gandhi National Park that you should not miss out on:

  • Kanheri Caves

    Kanheri Caves located in the heart of the SGNP are nearly two thousand years old and are a major tourist attraction. The caves are carved out of basaltic rocks by the Buddhist residents in the 1st century BC. There are 109 caves in the SGNP and previously these caves served as Buddhist shrines and places of meditation for the Buddhist monks. Today, the caves feature ancient Indian carvings and mesmerizing paintings of Buddha.

  • Waterfalls

    The best time to visit the Sanjay Gandhi National Park is during the monsoon season when the beauty of the forest magically amplifies. The rocks and hills of the SGNP witness a huge rush of waterfalls, making it a sight to watch. These waterfalls are unnamed and each year, new waterfalls and springs sprout across the SGNP.

  • Hiking and trailing

    Hiking in SGNP is an ecstatic experience. Away from the rush and hustle of Mumbai city, the Sanjay Gandhi National Park offers hiking trails. There are several nature trails, including Shilonda trail, Malad trail line, Point trail, Nagla block trail, etc., wandering into the Kanheri foothills. The trails have different ecosystems.

  • Cycling

    If you are a local or live in nearby areas like Piramal Mulund, you can also take up cycling as a regular activity. Cycling across the naturally stunning landscape of the SGNP allows your body to rejuvenate, giving you a sense of relaxation and freedom. Visitors outside of Mumbai can take a cycle on rent, available in the park at cheap rates.

  • Safari ride

    The fauna of the SGNP is famous worldwide. You can witness the glorious and rare wildlife creatures up close by taking a safari ride in the park. The safari ride is an open caged bus that takes you through a fenced forest area in nearly 20-25 minutes.

  • Camping

    A gift for residents and tourists, the SGNP also allows you to camp in the forest. If you live in Piramal Mulund, you can go camping in SGNP to take a much-needed break. There are guest houses, pinewood cottages, tents, etc., available in the park with basic facilities.

If you are visiting Mumbai, keep SGNP on your must-visit places in Mumbai. However, if you live near the SGNP in beautiful residential areas like Piramal Mulund, the recreational SGNP is a blessing. Overlooking the magnificent SGNP, the Piramal Mulund residences are a perfect investment for your home. Living in Piramal Mulund is like living close to nature.

FAQ

How to reach Sanjay Gandhi National Park?

You can reach the Sanjay Gandhi National Park via train, bus or air. The nearest bus station is the Borivali bus station. The Borivali railway station is in close proximity. The nearest domestic and international airport is the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj International Airport, Santa Cruz, Mumbai.

Are there tigers in Sanjay Gandhi National Park?

Yes, it is believed that there are tigers in the Sanjay Gandhi National Park.

When should one visit Sanjay Gandhi National Park?

The best time to visit Sanjay Gandhi National Park is during the monsoon season. Reach the park early to explore the area well.

In which city is the Sanjay Gandhi National Park located?

Sanjay Gandhi National Park is in Mumbai, Maharashtra.

Sanjay Gandhi National Park is closed on which days of the week?

Sanjay Gandhi National Park is open on all days except for Mondays. From Tuesday to Sunday, you can visit the park from 5:30 AM to 7:30 AM if you have monthly or annual passes. If you are visiting for a day, you can go to the park from 7:30 AM to 6:30 PM. You will need to pay a fee for a day visit. Children under five years can enter the park for free.

Is there an entry fee for Sanjay Gandhi National Park?

The entry fee for a day visit to SGNP is Rs. 58 for adults and Rs. 31 for children.

Is the car allowed in Sanjay Gandhi National Park?

No. Private vehicles are not allowed in the Sanjay Gandhi National Park.

Residential Property Near Sanjay Gandhi National Park

Piramal Revanta Near
Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mulund

Piramal Revanta is a premium property located in the centre of Mulund, combining nature and architecture. The 25000-acre Sanjay Gandhi National Park is visible from the massive yet elegant skyscrapers.

The property is destined to become a prized address among the affluent and famous, as it creates an atmosphere that fosters creativity and a desire to stay connected.

So prepare to be filled with delight and renewed vitality, which will fuel your creativity and desire to stay connected.

Piramal Revanta Ravik

View Details

Piramal Revanta Rohin

View Details

Piramal Revanta Ravin

View Details

Piramal Revanta Ravisa

View Details

Piramal Revanta - Amenities

Cafe lounge

Gymnasium

Badminton Court

Multi-purpose hall

Squash court

Mini theatre

Multipurpose indoor studio

Workstation Area

Indoor Games Zone

First Aid Room

Salon & Spa

Creche

What We Offer

"This project in Mulund, Mumbai, redefines the idea of super-luxury residences with three towers: RAVIK (34 storeys), ROHIN (45 storeys), and RAVIN (47 storeys). Apartments range in size from one to three bedrooms. Piramal Revanta provides people with an iconic lifestyle that allows them to live in the lap of luxury. RAVIK is meant to raise the skyline with a spectacular partly glass façade, demonstrating opulence and magnificence. It is a modern architectural marvel that combines stunning views with contemporary beauty. Each home at ROHIN is meticulously planned to satisfy everyone's needs and is built to reach new heights of comfort. RAVIN exemplifies design and comfort with its glass walls that flood the living spaces with natural light.

About - Piramal Realty

"Piramal Realty has set gold standards for customer-centricity, architectural design, quality, and safety in order to enrich people's lives. Our operations as Piramal Group's development arm reflect the group's tradition of responsible stewardship for individual and community advancement, as well as the group's unwavering dedication to Knowledge, Action, Care, and Impact. Our compassionate involvement with clients ensures that their requirements are fulfilled and exceeded regularly, making Piramal Realty buildings places where people can thrive.

Register Your Interest

Disclaimer - This article is based on the information publicly available for general use. We do not claim any responsibility regarding the genuineness of the same. The information provided herein does not, and is not intended to, constitute legal advice; instead, it is for general informational purposes only. We expressly disclaim any liability, which may arise due to any decision taken by any person/s basis the article hereof. Readers should obtain separate advice with respect to any particular information provided herein.

A Well - Connected Ecosystem

Piramal Revanta enjoys excellent connectivity from LBS Marg, Marathon Avenue, Sonapur Metro Station (proposed) and Goregaon-Mulund ink Road (proposed). It has proximity to several premier education institutes, hospitals, restaurants, malls and temples.

Learn more